Judaism and Judaica

Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. Judaica are the objects and text used in the Jewish religion and produced by Jewish culture. In this guide, we shall present articles describing major beliefs and practices of the Jewish religion, and discuss objects of Judaica and how they are used in the Jewish religion and culture.

A Religion and a People

The Jewish religion, unlike Christianity for example, is inseparable from the Jewish people and is center and starting point for all Jewish culture. According to Daniel Boyarin, the underlying distinction between religion and ethnicity is foreign to Judaism. This is because Judaism evolved in the east, before the concept of a religion separate from nationhood evolved in the West. Boyarin claims that “Jewishness disrupts the very categories of identity, because it is not national, not genealogical, not religious, but all of these, in dialectical tension.” Therefore, in a wider sense, Judaism includes the study of all things and ideas that are Jewish or produced by Jews and that are related to Jewish religious, community or national life, and is not confined to religion.

Origins and evolution of Judaism

Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions, and the oldest one in existence today. It is the precursor of both Christianity and Islam, which borrowed many concepts from Judaism. Judaism has evolved and diversified in both space and time, reflecting the vicissitudes of a people twice exiled from its homeland, and cut off from its national center and center of worship in Jerusalem. The commandments of the Torah, the oldest book of law, were modified by the later oral tradition embodied with the Mishnah, and modified again with the destruction of the temple and codified in the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmud. Jewish law was further elaborated in the Shulkhan Aruch and the writings of Maimonides and others. Judaism underwent further transformations with the coming of the 19th century enlightenment, and the return to Zion in our own time. Scattered to the four corners of the globe, the Jewish religion developed two major streams of practice: Ashkenazic and Sephardic, that nonetheless strived to remain united despite the vast distances that separated them, and the diverse cultural influences upon them. They evolved a common liturgy in Hebrew and Aramaic as well as common customs for holiday celebrations, sacraments and life cycle events.

The People of the Book

The Jews are the known as “the people of the book.” The book is the Old Testament Bible, or Tanach which is a record of the history of the ancient people of Israel up to the first exile, viewed in terms of the relation of the Jews to God. To this book, which also defined the laws given to the Jewish people, were added a codification of Oral law, the Mishnah, and an amplification and redesign of customs following the destruction of the Jewish temple, the Talmud.

Elements of the Jewish faith

Throughout the centuries, Judaism as a religion maintained a unity of faith and practice centered around the following elements:

• Monotheism – a belief in one spiritual non-anthropomorphic God, who has no intercessors and who cannot be pictured.

• The centrality of Jerusalem and the land of Israel to Jewish religious and national life.

• Belief in the Messiah and in collective salvation as well as in an afterlife.

• The observance of the major holidays – Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Passover, Shavuot, with the addition of Hanukkah and Purim.

• Observance of Kashrut (dietary laws).

• Observance of common liturgy.

• Marriage within the faith and the Jewish people.

• Belief in the sanctity of life as an over-riding concern.

• Observance of the 613 commandments of the law (“Taryag Mitzvot”) as codified in the Babylonian Talmud.

The Jewish Confession of Faith

The Jewish confession of faith, equivalent to the Muslim Shehada and the Catholic Credo, is the ancient Shema Yisrael prayer:

“Shema Yisrael, Adonai Eloheinu, Adonai Echad” – Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one.

Articles of Judaica

Jewish handicrafts and decorated religious articles typically utilize characteristic symbols such as the Jewish star and lion of David. Designs are constrained by the religious stricture against drawing a human figure that might be considered the image of God. Articles of Judaica include anything that is used in Jewish worship, study and religious observances, and may include anything that is a product of Jewish culture: articles of apparel and religious dress such as a Kippah (yarmulkeh) or Tallit, Sabbath candlesticks, Shofar, Megilat Esther, prayer books, volumes of the Tanach, Talmud and other books, Mezuza and Hannukiya, Jewish Jewelry incorporating Jewish symbols and various products of Israel.

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BP’s oil recovery stats show how wrong leak estimates were

WASHINGTON BP recovered 18,600 barrels of oil from its gushing Deepwater Horizon well on Wednesday, the most so far, but still just a fraction of what is spewing into the Gulf of Mexico.

The amount underscores how wrong early estimates of the spill’s size were and serves as a reminder of the weeks long reluctance of both BP and the Obama administration to recognize the full extent of the disaster, which began April 20 when the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig was enveloped in methane gas from the well and burst into flames. It sank two days later. One of those, 12,000 to 19,000, was frequently cited by Obama administration officials, including White House adviser Carol Browner and Coast Guard Adm. Thad Allen, while the other, of at least 12,000 to 25,000 barrels, with no maximum estimate possible, was rarely brought up. Geological Survey, announced a new estimate on June 10 20,000 to 40,000 barrels, and possibly more, a figure that was overtaken just five days later by Chu’s announcement Tuesday. Atty.
cheap ray ban outlet Gen. Eric Holder to open a criminal invesitgation into whether BP intentionally underestimated the size of the spill to avoid hundreds of millions, if not billions, of dollars in fines.

BP said approximately 14,750 barrels of the oil collected Wednesday went to the Discoverer Enterprise drill ship, which is drawing oil through a "top hat" containment device placed atop the well’s failed blowout preventer on June 3. Another 3,850 barrels were taken aboard the Q4000 drilling platform through hoses leading directly to the blowout preventer and was then burned, BP said.

BP has said it expects the Q4000 to recover as
discount ray bans much as 10,000 barrels a day, all of which will be burned. BP and Coast Guard officials have said the Discoverer Enterprise has the capacity to collect as much as 18,000 barrels
replica ray bans a day, but it has yet to collect that amount; the highest one day total was 15,800 barrels, on June
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Trading Standards warn of fake goods in Christmas market

TRADING Standards watchdogs based in Motherwell are warning consumers of the dangers of buying counterfeit goods during the festive period.

Officers confirmed to the Wishaw Press that they have seized a whole range of fake goods over the last few weeks which, if bought, would not only disappoint but could prove hazardous to their health.

Among
discount ray bans the extensive list of counterfeit goods being sold were Ray Ban sunglasses, Gucci watches, Links of London and Pandora jewellery, Ped Eggs, Duracell batteries, Playboy clothing, Gillette razor
cheap ray bans blades, GHD hair straighteners, Henley and G Star Raw clothing, Tiffany Co jewellery, Nike, Adidas and Timberland footwear, Smirnoff vodka and Calvin Klein underwear.

Dave Roderick, Trading Standards Manager for North Lanarkshire Council, stated: "Most of the goods were for sale in local retail outlets and some were being sold over the internet and, while the counterfeit clothing and jewellery may only disappoint and purchaser, the GHD electrical products could be potentially lethal given their high heat and lack of proper built in electrical safety.

"We would warn any small retailers not to buy such goods from anywhere but dependable wholesalers. We will report traders, whatever their size, to the Procurator Fiscal under Trade Marks and Consumer Protection legislation should they prove to be negligent or reckless in supplying unsafe or fake goods."

The fake goods are discovered during routine visits to premises or as part of an ongoing internet trading project. One major seizure was initiated after a parcel delivery company
cheap ray bans discovered that they were in possession of fake clothing.

Councillor Helen McKenna, Convenor of the Environmental Services Committee which oversees trading standards matters, said: "Some of the packaging of counterfeit goods is virtually indistinguishable from the real products and you should
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A timeline of Graham James

Nov. 22, 1996: Calgary police charge James with two counts of sexual assault involving more than 300 incidents against two of his former players over a span of 10 years.

Jan. 2, 1997: Pleads guilty to sexual assault and is sentenced to 3 1/2 years in prison. The Canadian Hockey Association bans him for life from coaching.

Feb. 27, 1998: James pleads guilty to indecent assault on a 14 year old boy in 1971. He receives a six month concurrent sentence.

July 1, 2000:
replica ray bans James sentence expires. He disappears from the public eye.

2001 03: James is found coaching boys
discount ray bans teams in Spain, including the national team.

2003: A civil
cheap ray bans lawsuit, filed in 1999 by an anonymous victim, is settled out of court. James tells a Canadian reporter who finds him in Spain: sorry for all of this. James quietly applies for and receives a pardon from the National Parole Board, prompting national outrage when it comes to light several years later.

October 2009: Fleury releases his autobiography, with Fire, in which he alleges James sexually molested him from the age of 14.

January 2010: Fleury files a complaint with the Winnipeg Police Service, prompting an investigation into his allegations.

May 2010: Reporters track down James in Guadalajara, Mexico.

October 2010: Winnipeg police issue a Canada wide warrant for James. He faces nine new sex charges involving three boys and spanning 1979 to 1994. James is apprehended
discount ray bans by police at the Toronto airport and brought back to Winnipeg.

December 2010: James is granted bail and moves to Montreal.

Dec. 7, 2011: James pleads guilty to sexual offences involving Fleury and one unnamed victim.

March 2012: James is sentenced to two years.

Feb. 15, 2013: Manitoba Court of Appeal increases sentence to five years.

May 25, 2015: Saskatchewan RCMP say James is charged with sexual assault that is alleged to have occurred when he was coaching the Swift Current Broncos in the early 1990s. The charge comes after a complaint by a man who played for the team at the time.Articles Connexes:

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NFL never saw Rice video

As questions arose about the NFL’s original investigation of Ray Rice, Commissioner Roger Goodell said Tuesday the league asked for, but was not given, a just released video showing the ex Ravens running back punching his then fiancee
cheap ray bans on an elevator.

Goodell told CBS in an interview that no one in the NFL, to my knowledge” had seen a new
cheap ray ban outlet video of what happened on the elevator until it was posted online.

Two videos, one released by TMZ Sports and another shown later to The Associated Press by a law enforcement official, show Rice punching Janay Palmer, who is now his wife, at an Atlantic City casino in February.

After the TMZ video made its way around the Internet, the Ravens cut Rice and the league barred him indefinitely.

In July, after another video released by TMZ showed Rice dragging Palmer out of the elevator but didn’t show what happened inside, Goodell suspended the player for two games.

I would tell you that what we saw in the first videotape was troubling to us, in and of itself,” Goodell said Tuesday. But what we saw yesterday was extremely clear, is extremely graphic, and it was sickening. And that’s why we took the action we took yesterday.”

Earlier Tuesday, Palmer posted a statement on her Instagram account, saying that barring Rice from playing football is horrific” and that
fake ray bans making the couple relive a moment in our lives that we regret every day is a horrible thing.”

Meanwhile, the fallout for Rice continued. Nike severed its business ties with him, and video game publisher Electronic Arts said it would scrub Rice’s image from their latest Madden ’15 release.

In the videos that surfaced Monday, Rice and Palmer are seen hitting each other before he knocks her off her feet and into a railing.

The higher quality video shown to the AP shows Rice made no attempt to cover up what happened. After Palmer collapses, he drags her out of the elevator and is met by some hotel staff. Someone is heard saying, She’s drunk, right?” And then, No cops.” Rice didn’t respond.

Coach John Harbaugh said he met with Ravens owner Steve Bisciotti, team president Dick Cass and general manager Ozzie Newsome after they saw the TMZ video, and they made the decision to let Rice go.

It’s something we saw for the first time today, all of us,” Harbaugh said. It changed things, of course. It made things a little bit different.”

The action represented a complete reversal for the team, even though an Atlantic City police summons stated that Rice caused bodily injury to Janay Palmer, specifically by striking her with his hand, rendering her unconscious.”

The Ravens had used words like respect” and proud” in referring to Rice following his arrest.

Asked Monday night if Rice misled him, Harbaugh said he didn’t want to get into all that.”

Rice said in a news conference this summer that his actions that night were inexcusable.” But the Ravens never took action against him until after the second video was released Monday.

Rice has not spoken publicly since the team cut him, and his lawyer, Michael Diamondstein, declined to comment when contacted by the AP.

Rice, 27, stood to make $4 million this year.

Obviously, any video that depicts an act of violence in that video is disturbing to watch. For our union, we have an unshakable position against any violence, certainly domestic violence included,” NFLPA executive director DeMaurice Smith said at the Seahawks’ facility in Renton, Washington. It will be a time for us now to catch up with everything else that has occurred today.”

Rice had been charged with felony aggravated assault in the case, but in May he was accepted into a pretrial intervention program that allowed him to avoid jail time and could lead to the charge being purged from his record. The president of the New Jersey state Senate called on Tuesday for a review
cheap ray bans of that decision.

After Goodell drew criticism for not being tough enough on Rice, he wrote a letter to all 32 NFL owners in August saying he didn’t get it right” and setting up new penalties for domestic violence: six game suspension for a first offence, at least a year for a second.

Rice’s original two game ban began Sunday, when the Ravens opened their season with a 23 16 loss to the Cincinnati Bengals. Under the initial punishment, he would have been allowed to return after Thursday night’s game against Pittsburgh.Articles Connexes:

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Egypt court drops murder charges against Mubarak on technicality

The ruling marks another major setback for the young activists who spearheaded the Arab
replica ray ban sunglasses Spring inspired uprising nearly four years ago many of whom are now in jail or have withdrawn from politics. It will likely reinforce the perception that Mubarak’s autocratic state remains in place, albeit led by a new president, former military chief Abdel Fattah el Sissi.

Saturday’s verdict concludes Mubarak’s retrial along with his two sons, his security chief and six top security commanders, who were all acquitted. Also acquitted was wealthy businessman Hussein Salem, a longtime Mubarak friend tried in absentia.

Mubarak, 86, was also acquitted of corruption charges that he faced along with his sons Alaa and Gamal his one time heir apparent over a statute of limitations. The case involves their purchase from Salem of luxury villas in a Red Sea resort at a vastly discounted price, something that the prosecution had said amounted to bribery. The two sons face a separate trial on charges of insider trading.

It was not immediately clear whether Mubarak would now walk free since he is serving a three year jail term for corruption charges he was convicted of in May. He has been in detention since April 2011, but it is unclear if the past 3 1/2 years will be considered as time served.

"There is no justice for the poor," said
cheap ray bans Ramadan Ahmed, whose son Mohammed was shot dead in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria during the uprising. "This is Mubarak’s law!"

Nearly 900 protesters were killed in the 18 day uprising that ended when Mubarak stepped down on Feb. 11, handing over power to the military. The trial, however, was concerned only with the killing of 239 protesters, whose names were cited in the charges sheet.

The early days of the protests were marked by fierce street battles between the demonstrators and both police and government supporters. Vehicles plowed into crowds, and bricks and stones were hurled from the rooftops of buildings onto demonstrators gathered in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. At one point, men on camels and horses galloped into the square and beat protesters with batons and whips.

Nearly 170 police officers and security officials put on trial in connection to the killings since 2011 have either been acquitted for lack of evidence or because they were found to have acted in self defense. Some received short, suspended sentences.

Mubarak was greeted by jubilant well wishers when he was helicoptered back from court to the Nile side military hospital where he has been staying. A television interviewer reached him by telephone and asked whether he had ordered the killing of protesters.

"I did not do anything at all," Mubarak replied.

Mubarak was convicted and sentenced to life in prison in 2012 on charges related to the killing of protesters, but the verdict was overturned on appeal the following year.

He has spent virtually all the time since he was detained in hospitals due to poor health. On Saturday, he was brought to the defendants’ cage on a gurney. He wore dark glasses, a navy blue tie and a matching cardigan.

Presiding judge Mahmoud al Rashidi said the dismissal of the charges did not absolve Mubarak of the corruption and "feebleness" of the latter years of his 29 year rule and praised the 2011 uprising, saying that its goals freedom, bread and social justice were legitimate.

Al Rashidi said Mubarak, like any other human, erred at times and suggested that his old age should have spared him a criminal trial. He also cited Mubarak’s long years in public service and what he called the enshrinement of "constitutional legitimacy" following the ouster of Mubarak’s successor,
cheap ray ban outlet the Islamist Mohammed Morsi.

Mubarak was a career military pilot who led the air force during Egypt’s last war against Israel in 1973. He was made vice president in the mid 1970s and assumed the highest office in 1981 following the assassination of Anwar Sadat.

"To rule for or against him after he has become old will be left to history and the Judge of Judges, the Righteous and the Justice (God) who will question him about his rule," said the judge.

The reaction to the verdicts was muted, after the judge threatened
cheap ray bans to jail anyone attending Saturday’s 45 minute hearing if they interrupted the proceedings. After the trial was adjourned the courtroom broke into cheers and applause.

Morsi, the Islamist who succeeded Mubarak, is also detained and faces a slew of charges, including some related to the killing of protesters, which could see him sentenced to death. He was elected in Egypt’s first democratic presidential election in 2012 but was overthrown by el Sissi a year later amid massive protests calling for his resignation.

Since then the government has launched a sweeping crackdown on Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood group and other supporters, killing hundreds and jailing thousands. It has also jailed scores of secular activists, including some of the leaders of the 2011 uprising, for violating a draconian law regulating street protests that was adopted a year ago.Articles Connexes:

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Amazon’s Kindle Fire HDX slimmer

SEATTLE In the fleeting moments I had with Amazon’s new Kindle Fire tablet, I noticed one major thing: It lost a lot of weight.

The engineers at Amazon managed to slim down their flagship tablet in every dimension.

The new Kindle Fire HDX is lighter by 23 percent for the smaller model and 34 percent for the full sized one. The slimmer profile is made possible by a new, lighter magnesium alloy body, a touch screen with fewer layers than before and a frame that is about one quarter narrower all around the edge of the screen. seems to have an attractive holiday gift option on its hands.

In my hands, at an event for reporters Tuesday, the weight reduction is noticeable. I own a year old 7 inch Kindle Fire HD and find it chunky. Trying to read a book on it with one hand is like doing so with a big hardcover book. Eventually, your wrist will need a break.

The new HDX with a 7 inch screen,
cheap ray ban outlet measured diagonally, is now lighter than the iPad Mini, at 10.7 ounces compared with 10.9 ounces. Google’s new Nexus 7 is lighter than both, though, at 10.2 ounces. The HDX has a starting price of $229, a $100 less than the Mini.

For dedicated reading, you might prefer a lighter e reader, such as the Kindle Paperwhite, at 7.3 ounces. But my tendons appreciate the effort Amazon has made to slim down the Fire. And you need a tablet if you want to do more than read.

The 8.9 inch HDX is also significantly lighter, at 13.2 ounces, than a full size iPad, at 23 ounces. Of course, the smaller screen 0.8 inches shorter on the diagonal contributes to Amazon’s under sized achievement here. The larger HDX starts at $379, or $120 less than the iPad.

The new Kindle devices sport a "unibody," compared with the previous model’s casing made of many parts put together. The back still has a rubbery feel like the old Kindle Fire HD. There is still shiny plastic covering the camera area, so fans of Apple’s aluminum casing might not be impressed. But this is in fitting with the kind of holdable feel of the overall Kindle line.

Amazon also gave last year’s HD an update and a price cut, though the new model drops a front facing camera and microphone and reduces the amount of storage. The base model with 8 gigabytes costs $139, compared with $199 for the 16 gigabyte version before.

SEATTLE In the fleeting moments I
fake ray bans had with Amazon’s new Kindle Fire tablet, I noticed one major thing: It lost a lot of weight.

The engineers at Amazon managed to slim down their flagship tablet in every dimension.

The new Kindle Fire HDX is lighter by 23 percent for the smaller model and 34 percent for the full sized one. The slimmer profile is made possible by a new, lighter magnesium alloy body, a touch screen with fewer layers than before and a frame that is about one quarter narrower all around the edge of the screen. seems to have an attractive holiday gift option on its hands.

In my hands, at an event for reporters Tuesday, the weight reduction is noticeable. I own a year old 7 inch Kindle Fire HD and find it chunky. Trying to read a book on it with one hand is like doing so with a big hardcover book. Eventually, your wrist will need a break.

The new HDX with a 7 inch screen, measured diagonally, is now lighter than the iPad Mini, at 10.7 ounces compared with 10.9 ounces. Google’s new Nexus 7 is lighter than both,
cheap ray bans though, at 10.2 ounces. The HDX has a starting price of $229, a $100 less than the Mini.

For dedicated reading, you might prefer a lighter e reader, such as the Kindle Paperwhite, at 7.3 ounces. But my tendons appreciate the effort Amazon has made to slim down the Fire. And you need a tablet if you want to do more than read.

The 8.9 inch HDX is also significantly lighter, at 13.2 ounces, than a full size iPad, at 23 ounces. Of course, the smaller screen 0.8 inches shorter on the diagonal contributes to Amazon’s under sized achievement here. The larger HDX starts at $379, or $120 less than the iPad.

The new Kindle devices sport a "unibody," compared with the previous model’s casing made of many parts put together. The back still has a rubbery feel like the old Kindle Fire HD. There is still shiny plastic covering the camera area, so fans of Apple’s aluminum casing might not be impressed. But this is in fitting with
discount ray bans the kind of holdable feel of the overall Kindle line.

Amazon also gave last year’s HD an update and a price cut, though the new model drops a front facing camera and microphone and reduces the amount of storage. The base model with 8 gigabytes costs $139, compared with $199 for the 16 gigabyte version before.

I didn’t get a chance to test on my own a new "Mayday" button on the HDX models. With that feature, a few taps summons a live video chat with a customer service representative. I saw a demo enough times to believe that, yes, there is indeed an actual person able to assist you if you need help navigating.

One neat part about this: The representative has the ability to scribble on your screen to point you to where you should tap. If you’ve watched televised football games, you might have seen these virtual chalkboards, in which the announcers draw arrows over the screen as they comment on plays and strategies. Here, instead of the representative telling you to tap the second button on the left, he or she can circle it for you. The representative can even take over your device temporarily to put you on the right path.

Don’t worry about looking presentable, though. The representative can hear you but can’t see you through the one way video window. But that person can see whatever is on your screen, so hide that love note before summoning help.

CEO Jeff Bezos surmised that the "Mayday" button will make a fun Christmas Day conversation starter. I’m sure Amazon will ensure they respond promptly to the flood of inquiries around gift opening time from people who just want to try it out.

I noticed the speakers are now positioned on top of the device when held horizontally, instead of being on both sides. This seems designed so you can still hear in stereo without headphones when the new "origami" cover is attached. In the previous version, I found headphone less listening quality was patchy because the speakers faced away from you. Even with the new speaker location, they point away. I feel like people who want the stereo effect should just use headphones.

As for the screen quality, I think the improvement is nice, but perhaps not as stunning as the improvement from standard definition to HD.

Viewing a scene from the pilot of Amazon’s original series, "Alpha House," on a 7 inch HDX alongside the updated Kindle Fire HD, I found the colors on the new model a bit more vibrant. Both HDX models now have a higher pixel density than Apple’s vaunted Retina screen: The smaller one is at 323 pixels per inch and the full sized one is at 339 pixels per inch. By contrast, the iPad Mini is at 162 pixels per inch and the full sized iPad at 264 pixels per inch.

Although app developers still have to make use of the improved screens, they are needed to make the most of Amazon’s video signals, which are sent out at up to 1080p. The older and the updated Kindle Fire HD are capable of handling only up to 720p streams.

The 8.9 inch HDX now comes with a rear facing camera and dedicated photo editing software, although I have always felt taking pictures with a big tablet seems silly, especially if you have a smartphone in your pocket that does the same job.Articles Connexes:

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4 million home for sale in State College

woman dies after being pinned between cars Truck tumbles on to train tracks Police urge parents to remind children of stranger danger Police warn of online rental scam Prayer vigil to be held for teen injured in head on crash PSU student charged with alleged assault at fraternity State College PD investigating retail theft Police warn of rental property scam in Centre County Police investigate attempted child luring in Richland Township Judge backs charges against Cleveland officer in killing of Tamir Rice New congressional legislation for NCAA Bellefonte man arrested for assaulting state trooper Johnstown man takes in Pirates game with Batman SNEAK PEAK: DuBois Community Days Johnstown man accused of stealing from employer Fire damages Punxsutawney home, garage Cambria County man faces forgery charges for cashing stolen checks Judge gives prosecutors more time in seeking death penalty CBS 21 hosts "Your Voice, Your Future Town Hall" Altoona woman jailed for stabbing man 8 times New York prison break: former inmates are shocked over possible inside job Thousands of fish reported killed after chemical plant fire Lennon’s stolen guitar found decades later Slain woman’s family hosting pet supply drive to honor birthday Huntingdon County man honored for helping EMS and 911 centers with new system Centre County DA wants commissioners held in contempt of court Police warn of Skype extortion scam Prosecutors ask for more time in Centre County child porn case Man convicted of killing girlfriend in 2013 receives life sentence Route 56 eastbound shut down in Windber after car collides with tractor trailer Johnstown residents reporting bank account thefts Game commission warns about interfering with baby wildlife Survey finds Johnstown "poorest town" in PA Man charged in 2013 stabbing death of girlfriend sentenced to life Calling all Centre County vets TRAFFIC ALERT: New traffic pattern along Route 36 in Hollidaysburg Wolf to appeal ruling on open records director Suspect accused of making meth in front of child to face trial Man accused of setting fire to Elk County building to face trial Drug raid money to benefit Centre County officials Somerset County man attacks woman with tool Weather Forecast 6/10/15 Service dog throws self in path of bus to protect blind owner Police officer resigns after Texas pool party incident Worthy cause for snow in summer Value It vendor, police nab burglary suspect accused of stealing from dead neighbor Doctor testifies in trial of mother accused of killing 6 week old son Penn State responds to lawsuit from fraternity investigation whistleblower Police search for missing tortoise in Centre County Ebensburg business robbed at gunpoint Couple accused of breaking into Windber home, stealing cash and gift cards Clearfield County Fugitive of the Week Trial for woman charged in death of infant son goes into second day BREAKING: Police investigate robbery at Ebensburg business Johnstown house struck by lightning, goes up in flames Man wanted on attempted homicide charges found in Johnstown Case moves forward against woman accused of faking being a lawyer Bedford County couple accused of making meth in front of 3 year old child Police searching for Bedford County robbery suspect Woman starting new traditions with her ‘bakery in Portage’ Alleged whistleblower files lawsuit in Penn State fraternity investigation Trial begins for woman accused of killing 6 week old son List of 50 Hospitals with Highest Charge to Cost Ratios PSU to receive 2014 15 Big 10 Bowl revenue State police: Woman assaults man, defecates in patrol car Trial begins for woman charged in son’s death Bedford County couple accused of making meth in presence of 3 year old Severe weather threat Man dies in Clearfield County car crash Centre County hosts special summer exhibits Wildlife experts share signs of a fawn in danger Teens caught after three state crime spree Convicted killers on the run after escaping maximum security New York jail Motorcycle run held to honor Blair County hero who died in the line of duty Police investigate shots fired in Altoona Bret Michaels is ‘Rockin’ for Little
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Police chase man, force him to crash car Man hit and killed on I 99 Defense contracts awarded Keen Livingston public safety memorial park DuBois Airport improves flight experience VIDEO: Parachute jump into Johnstown DuBois pool opens for the summer Controversial graduation letter prompts law suit for sexual harassment Police officer helps Cambria Co. 7 year old finish 5K race Update on condition of passenger in Blair County double fatal crash Friends remember mother to be after fatal Blair County traffic accident Bedford County woman accused of taking money from New Paris Borough Police: Attempted luring reported near Altoona Pregnant woman, unborn child killed in Blair Co. accident Kappa Delta Rho suspended for three years Pregnant woman killed in Blair Co. crash FIFA officials allegedly corrupt; World Cup also questioned Standoff ends peacefully in Altoona Deer breaks into Blair County church University officials withdraw KDR fraternity recognition for three years Centre County commissioners no longer want to provide phones to state employees Man who admitted to stealing money from elderly aunt sentenced ‘Hunters Helping Soldiers’ helps veterans enjoy outdoors Conemaugh Valley students receive special CPR training PSP: Over 450 arrests, 700 crashes over Memorial Day holiday Missing woman to sister: ‘We are floating in a house" Department of Health launches Lyme disease awareness campaign Danish radio host kills rabbit in animal rights debate Police evacuate US Capitol, Visitor’s Center Clearfield County Fugitive of the Week $1,000 worth of items taken from storage shed in Clearfield County Traffic stop leads to arrest in Jefferson County Police search for missing Cambria County man Cause of death of child in swing undetermined after autopsy Homecoming Queen Dies in Texas Floods On Way Home From Prom Boalsburg Memorial Day service is a timeless tradition for the community Southmont Firemen’s Jubilee underway for 43rd year Man arrested for damage to PennDot facility Air France plane grounded at JFK after chemical threat Wildlife suffers as crews attempt rescues from oil spill Jefferson Co. man killed in motorcycle crash on Interstate 80 Gallitzin Fire Co. hosts fundraiser for local family Officials report some violent incidents amid mostly peaceful protests Police: Woman accused of setting man on fire arrested Support continues for the Janice Livingston memorial Centre Co. boating couple found safe after reported missing in Clearfield Co. Texas and Oklahoma facing histotic flooding UPDATE: Missing canoers found safe Blair Co. crash kills two; two remain in hospital with serious injuries Cleveland Officer Michael Brelo cleared of charges in shooting death of unarmed couple Ireland votes to legalize gay marriage in historic referendum Team Coverage: Burglary suspect shot dead by police in Somerset State prison changes impact county budgets DuBois man says he was attacked by overnight intruder Team Coverage: Somerset man shot dead by troopers responding to burglary Affordable housing project underway in State College Mother found pushing dead toddler in swing at Maryland park Miracle League in Blair County changes lives on and off the field New preservation project for Somerset Lake TEAM COVERAGE: Suspect shot, killed in Somerset Save a Lot burglary PSP identifies Save a Lot burglary suspect State trooper shoots burglary suspect New appeal in right to know dispute Wounded vet gets $30,000 patio Starr Hill Winery to open up inside DuBois Walmart Man charged with homicide arrested in drug raid last year Mother wears later son’s cap and gown, graduates in his place after fatal post prom crash Omaha cop gunned down hours before maternity leave Accused kidnapper testifies in trial Clearfield County man accused of beating 2 year old to face trial Williamsport man arrested in drug possession along I 80 Domestic violence charges against Ray Rice dismissed Local coach hopes for a positive change through basketball Fund started for infant of man killed in Altoona motorcycle crash Bedford woman finds man living inside her home Driver killed in car vs. school bus accident was heavily intoxicated, coroner says Family ‘close to closure’ as police make arrest one year after homicide One year later, $3,000 reward still stands for damages to Boalsburg cemetery New developments in Centre County right to know dispute Johnstown police make arrest in 2014 homicide case Driver killed in car vs. auto recall Pacifico Wins Mayor Republican Nomination Johnstown kindergartner accused of poking friends with small needle of pricker Ashes Reunited Appeal in the works in court decision against Centre County Family, fans say goodbye to Fran Fisher Police: Children accused of doing parkour at Blair County school to be charged Family, community mourns teen killed in reservoir accident in Gallitzin Clearfield man found dead in his car; investigators calling death suspicious Teen drowns in reservoir Teen identified in Cambria Co. King dies at age 89 Background Checks Cambria County Crime Stoppers expands to Bedford, Somerset counties Student threatens classmate with knife Police search for pair accused of spraying pepper spray in packed State College restaurant Clearfield County girl brings knife to school; threatens classmate Fran Fisher dies at 91 Somerset County man accused of raping mentally challenged teen Woman charged with hindering homicide investigation waives preliminary hearing Woman accused of hindering probe to appear in court BREAKING: Waffle Shop evacuated Update: St. Bernard rescued from mud last week released from animal hospital, recovering Logan Township officer charged with theft, insurance fraud to face trial Somerset man accused of raping mentally challenged teen Girl threatens to stab fellow student at Clearfield County elementary school, police say Driver arrested for DUI after early morning crash in Elk County Fran
discount ray bans Fisher dies at 91 Woman jailed for fatal buggy accident in Huntingdon County last year Bloodhound is Cambria County’s only man trailing dog Man leads police on high speed chase in Blair County Historical society raising money to repair ‘country’s smallest church’ Blair County man charged for sexual relation with 15 year old girl he met at church Alleged country club burglar has prior drug conviction Special ceremony honors fallen officers Woman finds drug needle, spoon near school bus stop in St. Marys Judge rules in Centre County DA’s favor in right to know laws State College Police: Taser use justified Man jailed for burglarizing Cambria County country club where he worked I 99 reopens after fiery, fatal crash UPDATE: Police release name of driver killed in I 99 crash Death toll raised to 7 in Philadelphia Amtrak derailment Crime Stoppers continue to ‘Push Out The Pusher’ Huntingdon County woman run over by own car United Way of Laurel Highlands announces grants State police in Philipsburg investigating indecent assault Men caught red handed while burglarizing Johnstown home, police say BREAKING: Man arrested in connection with break ins at Cambria, Somerset clubs Philadelphia train derailment kills six Centre Co. Girl Scout saves grandmother’s life Norfolk Southern releases statement about train derailment Narcan Debate Police investigate stolen statues Centre County commissioners upset about judge’s ruling School administrators resign amid sexual misconduct allegations Police search for people burglarizing area clubs DEP continues Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebate Program Bedford County gift shop owner sentenced for trafficking, selling fake merchandise Police search for country club burglary in Cambria, Somerset counties Clearfield technology center officials resign amid sexual misconduct allegations Police investigating stolen statues in Centre County Motorcycle crash in Indiana County sends one to hospital Search warrant reveals driver smelled of alcohol in crash that killed officer UPJ student to stand trial on rape charges Woman arrested for stabbing neighbor’s dog Neighbors rescue dog stuck in mud for three days Former Penn State student reported missing now found Cambria County man pleads guilty to deadly texting while driving crash Brookville man killed in crash Neighbor charged with burglary, stabbing dog BREAKING: Neighbor charged with burglary, killing dog Woman injured in Jefferson County crash Driver killed in Centre County crash Police believe driver was run over by own vehicle in deadly accident Oh, Baby! Phillies dad snatches foul
fake ray bans ball with babystrapped in Police: Purse stolen from woman on Mother’s Day Group works to clean up park in Clearfield Mississippi police officers fatal shooting Max Deitle Foundation holds 2nd annual 5K race State College Police search for missing Penn State student Background Checks Empty coal hopper cars derail in Altoona Family devastated after police say teens damaged their special fountain Hundreds walk for peace in Johnstown Class of 2015: The class that ‘saw it all’ St. Marys man arrested on suspicion of burglarizing dead woman’s home Police: Teens went on vandalism rampage Dog owner faces summary citations for attack More than 1,000 shirts sold to help children of fallen paramedic PennDOT truck falls through parking lot Man charged with threatening to burn down VFW Bomb squad called to Elk County courthouse for odd packages St. Marys man arrested for burglarizing dead woman’s home 3 boys, 2 girls charged with vandalism in Blair County Men charged for selling cocaine at Taco Bell Man charged with assaulting, threatening pregnant ex girlfriend Bridge project causing trouble for some residents Martinsburg woman makes a difference through keeping busy and keeping young Bryan Clay, Olympic gold medalist, pulls daughter’s tooth with javelin Woman charged, jailed for attacking man with screwdriver Police investigating reported stabbing with needle in Johnstown Jerry Sandusky seeks new court hearing Violent Video Games Driver, passenger drinking before deadly crash that killed officer Police shoot, kill dog after it attacks bicyclist Police: Indiana U. of Pennsylvania student raped 2 co eds Inmate convicted of throwing urine at guards Police shoot, kill dog after it chases bicyclist Bellefonte home damaged in morning fire Local veteran receives $30,000 patio Boy Scouts host award dinner to help raise money Cameras help catch suspects using fraudulent ATM cards in State College Cancerous fish has some concerned about safety Suspect arrested in case of fake $100 bills Dog stabbed during burglary in Somerset County Fire destroys Blair County cabin Fight continues to keep Apache helicopters in Pennsylvania Johnstown man pleads guilty to federal drug charges; sentencing scheduled Community comes together at annual gay pride celebration HOCKEYVILLE produces different kind of ICE cream Dog stabbed in Somerset County robbery Man accused of threatening DA headed to trial Blair County coroner confirms 21 year old man died in motorcycle crash Family, detectives looking for answers in unsolved 2013 homicide Officials confirm cancer in smallmouth bass from Susquehanna DuBois woman hits father in head with frying pan Roaring Spring man jailed for meth lab in his home Huntingdon County man taken into custody after standoff Clearfield County home destroyed by fire Johnstown man sentenced for 2013 shooting Ligonier Township police officer killed in early morning
fake ray bans crash Lee citing health as reason to be released from prison Blair County man arrested in connection with meth lab Man sentenced for deadly Johnstown shooting Johnstown police find drugs, cash in man’s vehicle Mobile home damaged in Clearfield County fire Westmoreland County police officer killed in early morning crash Blair Co. man’s actions concerning American flag protected by First Amendment Borough, skaters meet to discuss plans for Ridgway skate park Police identify suspect in alleged attempted abduction Plane crash in St. Marys Sunday considered ‘freak accident’ Suspect arrested in Altoona shooting Vandal paints disturbing images on streets, sidewalks in Pleasant Gap Father considered hero after family of 7 escapes Cambria County fire Court upholds First Amendment rights for Allegheny Township man Milk truck driver killed in Bedford County crash Spaghetti dinner held Sunday in Altoona to benefit Children’s Miracle Network Two recovering after deadly fire in Cambria County Motorcyclist sent to hospital after colliding with pickup truck in Somerset County Police investigate stolen pickup trucks in Altoona Johnstown man devastated by break in at Laurel Mountain properties The newest royal baby has a name Kansas Governor gets note fArticles Connexes:

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Catastrophe Roundup

[Slow day at the office, so I'm pondering the End of the World. Or, more exactly, catastrophism. We get so obsessed with long term, inexorable, gradual forces of decline, degeneration and extreme unpleasantness that we forget to pay attention to the certain death that can strike at any second. My story on the nanodiamonds and the Younger Dryas sent me into the archives to fish out a passage from a piece I wrote after visiting Belize and looking for remnants of the K/T impactor that wiped out the dinosaurs. It sums up the difference between catastrophism and gradualism.]

It took a long time for humans to discover that they lived on an old planet, and that its history was written in the rocks. In the late 1600s people discovered the principle of stratigraphy, in which the layers of sediments formed a chronology of the past. In the early 1800s geologists began defining geological periods according to changes in the fossil record. The rocks told of life and death on Earth. In 1815 they recognized that there was an abrupt change in marine fossils at a certain stratigraphic point that later became known as the K/T boundary, the end of the Cretaceous period and beginning of the Tertiary (the "K" is from
cheap ray bans the German equivalent of "Cretaceous"). In the decades that followed there came to be interest in unusually large bones found in various sites around the world, and in 1841 the world learned that once upon a time the planet was roamed by terrible lizards dinosaurs. Eventually it became obvious that the dinosaurs disappeared at the end of the Cretaceous. Did they die because pesky little nocturnal mammals ate their eggs? Did they freeze in an ice age? Did their marshlands turn into mountain ranges? Did they get zapped by radiation from a nearby exploding star?

There were many outlandish theories. Constipation from eating flowering plants was one inventive explanation. So too was the idea, floated periodically, that an object from space smashed into the planet. In the early 1970s Nobel Prize winner Harold Urey pushed the impact hypothesis and hardly anyone paid attention to him. There was a problem with Urey’s idea: It involved a catastrophe. Most scientists didn’t like catastrophes. They were just a bit too . . . Old Testament.

Catastrophism had been popular until the early 1800s. Then came Sir Charles Lyell, a godlike figure who argued that the world was shaped by forces so gradual no human could perceive their workings. A canyon can be carved by the merest trickle of water. Mountains crept skyward millimeter by millimeter. Lyell was a uniformitarian, a believer that the laws of nature were constant in time and space, on Earth and in the heavens, now and forever. He ridiculed tales of "general catastrophes and a succession of deluges, of the alternation of periods of repose and disorder, of the refrigeration of the globe, of the sudden annihilation of whole races of animals and plants . . ." Such stories were not scientific. Charles Darwin then extended gradualism into the biological realm species, too, appeared and disappeared due to incremental genetic mutations and the imperceptibly subtle pressures of this vague phenomenon called "natural selection." Nature was the perfect subject for tweedy tenured professors using the same faded yellow lecture notes year after year.

Less than two decades ago the strange truth began to emerge: Both sides were right. Things happen slowly except when they happen suddenly. From "Incoming," April 19, 1998, The Washington Post Magazine.

I have to post up here in the kit a fragment of the fascinating and very lucid boodle post from ScienceTim (for those of you unfamiliar with the boodle, see "Comments"):

‘Meteors definitely do not blow up a little bit on the way to the ground. It’s an all or nothing proposition. The meteoroid suffers ablation of its surface during entry, essentially being sandblasted by hypersonic atmospheric molecules. Most of the glow that you see in the sky is from superheated gas within the atmospheric shockwave, with almost no emission from the meteoritic material, itself. If the meteoroid is very strong, it reaches the ground relatively intact and KABOOM! makes an impact crater. A messier event is the airburst. As the meteoroid punches a hole through the atmosphere, it reaches a level at which the atmospheric density is great enough that the pressure from ramming into the air at many times the speed of sound exceeds the mechanical strength of the meteoroid. The meteoroid begins to deform and spread out, which increases the total pressure even more. These processes build on each other and within a tiny bit of time (I’m guessing microseconds),
discount ray bans the impactor is reduced to atoms, releasing all of its kinetic energy of motion into the atmosphere all at once. Since a reasonalbe size impactor (few meters diameter) carries a kinetic energy of motion that is equivalent to a decent size nuclear weapon (10′s of kilotons or more), this makes for a bad day for anything beneath the event, essentially creating a non nuclear explosion of nuclear weapon yield.

‘The last I read about it, the winning argument for the Tunguska event remains a stony asteroid of about 10 meters diameter, airbursting at a kilometer or so above the ground. A fluffier object might have yielded more energy (if it were bigger), but airburst at much greater altitude. As described in the three news stories following, it is suggested "They would have seen a brilliant flash followed by others in quick succession. The sky would be a canopy of fire, and shock waves would flatten trees. Miniscule diamonds would drizzle over tens of thousands of kilometres, a third of the way around the planet."

"The problem is that there are no craters or other evidence of large scale impacts. The concept of a comet shower focused on North America makes no sense to me. A large object, whether comet or asteroid, would be expected to reach the ground, not explode in the atmosphere. Even if we imagine a loosely bound comet braking up in the atmosphere a few seconds before impact, the
fake ray bans lateral dispersion of the fragments would be only of the order of the thickness of the atmosphere, or about 100 km. There is no known way to break up and disperse an incoming comet thousands of kilometers before it hits the atmosphere. If instead this were part of a general comet shower filling the inner solar system, then the evidence would not be limited to North America, and in addition we would still see the dynamical evidence of the remnants of this comet shower. There should also be a clear signature of this event in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores. One could add that the size of this proposed impact would make it a one in several million year event, and hence not something we would have expected within the past 13,000 years. "

There is, I suspect, another reason why so many people resisted, and still do resist, the concept of catastrophism. It imposes a limits on our ability to predict the future.

If our world is guided by nothing but laws that remain the same throughout time, then there is a chance that we can understand these laws, and hence predict what is to come next.

Catastrophism throws a wrench into all that. It is the ultimate uncontrolled variable. It’s like those websites that estimate the date of your death based upon your current health and age. Yet these sites fail to take into account that drunken fool in his F150.

Catastrophism means that, as a practical matter, the distant future will always remain unknowable. And for some of this, that kinda bites. Because, you know, after 3 December 2054, I’m not likely to be around to see it first hand.

If the carbon in the nanodiamonds is from cometary material, vs. processed terrestrial material, then carbon dating will do you no good. It turns out that the carbon 14 inventory on Earth is created by cosmic ray transmutation of nitrogen 14. A neutron whacks the nitrogen, it spits out a proton, and carbon 14 is what gets Left Behind by the Rapture of nucleosynthesis. You have to have substantial amounts of nitrogen, and a continual exchange of carbon with the nitrogen rich background, in order to have carbon dating. It turns out that this creates some interesting problems in dating things from the deep ocean. On the other hand, materials formed from local carbon will have some carbon 14, so you can use it to date ash from the widespread firestorm that Joel describes (I haven’t read the whole article yet, but I’ll be getting there later), even though the nanodiamonds, which would have to have been formed from cometary materials in the impact event, should appear vastly older due to the lack of carbon 14. If they have any carbon 14 at all, then they would have to have been formed locally, I hypothesize.

The style of impact depends on the composition of the meteoroid, the velocity of the impact, the angle of impact, and the composition of the impactor. With that many variables, there can be considerable wiggle room in how an impact might play out.

Meteors definitely do not blow up a little bit on the way to the ground. It’s an all or nothing proposition. The meteoroid suffers ablation of its surface during entry, essentially being sandblasted by hypersonic atmospheric molecules. Most of the glow that you see in the sky is from superheated gas within the atmospheric shockwave, with almost no emission from the meteoritic material, itself. If the meteoroid is very strong, it reaches the ground relatively intact and KABOOM! makes an impact crater. A messier event is the airburst. As the meteoroid punches a hole through the atmosphere, it reaches a level at which the atmospheric density is great enough that the pressure from ramming into the air at many times the speed of sound exceeds the mechanical strength of the meteoroid. The meteoroid begins to deform and spread out, which increases the total pressure even more. These processes build on each other and within a tiny bit of time (I’m guessing microseconds), the impactor is reduced to atoms, releasing all of its kinetic energy of motion into the atmosphere all at once. Since a reasonalbe size impactor (few meters diameter) carries a kinetic energy of motion that is equivalent to a decent size nuclear weapon (10′s of kilotons or more), this makes for a bad day for anything beneath the event, essentially creating a non nuclear explosion of nuclear weapon yield.

The last I read about it, the winning argument for the Tunguska event remains a stony asteroid of about 10 meters diameter, airbursting at a kilometer or so above the ground. A fluffier object might have yielded more energy (if it were bigger), but airburst at much greater altitude. That could lead to relatively gentle effects on the ground (no explosion), but still produce a flash of heat that would be highly noticeable.

JA Time for some serious coverage of "Indian Country." No rehashing of past injustices continuing to the present, there’s plenty of that. Follow the money from waste and paternalistic BIA policies to corruption in just about every tribal government. High school courses here generally
discount ray bans have three levels, only one of which will be accepted by universities. A late bloomer is recommended to re do his or her most previous course(s) at the higher level if the more challenging track is later sought.

Hey Wilbrod, put The Ancestor’s Tale on my list for Xmas and received it interesting reading so far.

Great poetry day yesterday. Frosti, I had to read aloud The Charge of the Light Brigade but sadly could not summon any bodily functions for dramatic effect as you did. It would have improved the performance.Articles Connexes:

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Synoptek Acquires Critigen’s Managed IT Services Division

Synoptek, a company that provides managed IT solutions and geospatial IT services, has acquired Critigen managed IT services division. Synoptek Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Tim Britt said Critigen, which provides
discount ray bans project management support and turnkey hosted solutions, could help his company meet the growing
fake ray bans demand for cloud IT services.

"This acquisition will provide a stronger platform by which to meet the growing demand for cloud based IT capacity and IT as a service (ITaaS) solutions," Britt said in a prepared statement. "Ultimately, companies want to focus on their business, and they want great systems that work. That is what we deliver."According to a press release, the combination of Synoptek and Critigen will provide a hybrid solution that "allows customers to plan, build and operate critical systems and consume many cloud based IT services on a subscription basis."

Meanwhile, Critigen will bring its portfolio
cheap ray bans of managed IT services to Synoptek, including:

Managed infrastructure as a service (IaaS)/private cloud solutions Remote infrastructure monitoring and management Support for desktops, networks, servers and workstations Virtual data center management Critigen CEO Jim Eberle added the acquisition could help both companies improve their IT services.

"I am confident that
cheap ray bans the combined Synoptek Critigen team will now be able to provide even greater world class managed IT services to companies within our markets," Eberle said in a prepared statement.

Both Synoptek and Critigen were included in this year MSPmentor Top 501 Managed Services Providers List. Synoptek ranked 20th on the list, and Critigen was 54th.Articles Connexes:

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Top 7 Tips to Shrink Holiday Stress

What do you want to have happen over the holidays? What’s most important to you? Perhaps you’d like to entertain and try new gourmet asparagus appetizers. Maybe it’s to spend a relaxing vacation with your family in Hawaii. Or, maybe you want to reconnect with your spirituality. SSelect the one or two things you want most during the holidays and focus on those. Drop some of the extra things like get together number 12, madly shopping till midnight and traveling to a new state each day to see every relative you know. Honing in on a couple of things you can control will give you a big stress reduction and a boost of enjoyment for the holiday.

You’ve decided what matters to you, but you and your spouse have four work parties thrown your way. Both of your kids are in school plays. Your neighbor wants you to attend an open house. You haven’t bought any gifts for those on your list. What to do?

Pick a few important or fun events to go to that line up with your holiday ideals. Skip the rest. with the sales force at the boss’s house? Kindly decline. After last year’s 24 hour wait at the airport, perhaps you and your family decide to stay home this year. From doing less, find extra time to take it easy. Build up your reserves of self care to better handle stress and to prevent exhaustion. Do less. Enjoy more.

Buy less.

Does your manager really need another coffee mug? Most of us already have too many things spilling off of our desks and out of our closets. Keep your gift buying to a minimum. Prepare a short gift list for coworkers or forgo that list altogether. Buying quality food items or gift certificates will minimize the overflow of stuff and keep shopping simple. For family, get into the habit of buying just a few things for your kids. Go for quality time over lots of stuff. What they want most from you is your time, so if you buy your child a new train set, sit down and play trains for
michael kors handbags outlet a while. Also, suggest drawing names if adults still want to exchange gifts. When you have to buy gifts, group as much as you can into one store.

The American Psychological Association names money as the 1 cause of stress over the holidays. If you follow tip number three "Buy Less" you’ll be well on your way to cutting spending. Still, things might beg you to buy them. For example, avoid buying a $599 Cappuccino Maker
cheap Michael Kors outlet on impulse to dazzle your boss. Instead, budget for each person on your list. When you shop, bring cash only. Leave your credit cards at home to ensure you don’t extend beyond your budget. From there, find thoughtful, less expensive items. Focus less on big price tags
discount Michael Kors and more about contributing. Your sister might actually like that best selling $15 self help book more
Michael Kors handbag outlet than the giant $80 coffee table book featuring the history of computers.

Leave it to the holiday bustle to throw things off, like workout schedules. If you’re used to doing something routinely, like reading each day, keep doing that most days. It’ll put more order into your days and give you moments to breathe easy amidst all of the activity. It’s important for kids to keep up with routines, too, like daily chores, so things like unwrapping gifts and making meals don’t result into a post hurricane house.

If you find you have more free time than
cheap Michael Kors handbags outlet usual through vacation or travel, build in daily calming routines to do by yourself or with
fake Michael Kors others, like taking a daily walk around the block or on the treadmill. It’ll give you a chance to slow down, enjoy your time and burn off some of those calories from excess turkey and potatoes.

You may be a respected leader at work, but just wait until you mingle with family over the holiday. Over dinner, suddenly every family member remembers you as that "shy boy who colored by himself in the hallways at his own birthday parties." Or, you walk into the party and your brother comments about your weight. You get fired up every time. What can you do? Respond differently this year. For example, try getting really curious when someone insults you. Say, "I’m not sure what you mean by that. Can you explain?" This will stop most people in their tracks. You can also find crafty ways to change the subject. If you have to, walk away. Call your best friend outside on the snowy balcony and talk for 10 minutes. In the end, you are the only one you can change. It might be worth it.

One of the best stress busters is laughter. A good laugh lowers stress hormones like adrenaline.
discount Michael Kors At the same time,
Michael Kors handbag outlet laughing releases endorphins your body’s natural painkillers which leads to a greater sense of well being. Plus, you’ll feel a sense of release after a good laugh. This holiday, pick your favorite funny activities. Watch a great comedy, play a silly board game, take turns telling stories or bring out the Karaoke machine. You and all of the people you’re with will have more fun and be happier during your time together. Laugh a little or a lot this holiday. Make it a priority. Who knows maybe after all these years you’ll find the once insulting comments from your relatives to be, yes, funny.Articles Connexes:

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